The President of Zanzibar and chairman of the revolutionary council Dr. Hussein Ali Mwinyi said the mission of the government is to ensure to create a friendly environment that enables youth to employ themselves to do work instead to depend on employment from the government which is limited.

Covid 19 relief fund has a scheme for youth-led organizations with innovative ideas for youth entrepreneurship development.

Therefore, youth should be part of this scheme in order to start investments and businesses in order to do work for themselves and the country.

He said during the climax of the International youth day on 12, August at Sheikh Idris Abdul Wakil-Zanzibar Urban region.

In this age of scientific and technological revolution and rising rates of development in science and engineering,  the Zanzibar society puts increasingly greater demands on workers in all fields and branches of the economy. In the central Youth Committee’s report, 2022 states as “Modern production sets rapidly rising demands not only machines, on technology, but also and primarily on the workers, on those who create these machines and control this technology.

For ever larger segments of workers specialized knowledge and a high degree of professional training, man’s general cultural standards, are becoming an obligatory condition of successful work.”

These demands are of prime concern to young people. Young people who start life today will still be working in 2050 and in the 21st century. The Zanzibarian youth rates of scientific, technological, and social progress greatly depend on the training that young people get and the degree to which they avail themselves of Zanzibarian culture. This is why the questions of culture and the propagation of spiritual values are such urgent ones.

Sometimes we use the word “culture” in a very narrow sense. It is often claimed that to be cultured is simply to know how to behave in society and to adhere to generally accepted norms of relations between people; others imagine that culture consists of knowledge. True, all these are essential features of a cultured man, but it would be utterly wrong to reduce culture to behavior or a mere sum of knowledge.

We often talk about culture in production, everyday life, and behavior, as well as physical culture and cultural interests in leisure. We also regard culture as the basis of man’s spiritual values and the all-around development of his personality. But what is the actual definitive meaning of this concept?

The principal human characteristic which set us apart from animals is our effort to transform our world, and our ability to work towards a goal. It is labor that has made man and created all the material and spiritual values of Zanzibarian society.

Labor has created the whole of human culture. Culture means, first and foremost, activity; in all spheres of culture, whether material or spiritual, we find positive human activity. Ali Juma Hamad youth activist pointed out that “man not only dresses, makes instruments, build houses, towns, and so on, but also lays out parks and gardens around his towns changes the direction of rivers and the boundaries of seas, creates straits and isthmuses where there were none before and thus forges a life which is in harmony with all the  spiritual demands of the self-made man”

“The concept ‘culture’,” wrote the prominent author Hein-rich Mann, “means a concern, -concern for people.” In the final count, all products of culture serve to coin a definitive type of human personality. It is precisely in this sense that we talk about man as the subject(creator) and object of culture. Culture has many aspects. In the first place, it is subdivided into material culture and spiritual culture. A stone or a bronze sculpture, a painting, or an ornamental vase are, naturally, material enough, but since they are designed to satisfy the spiritual demands of society, we classify them as spiritual values.

In the case of materials, its products go primarily towards satisfying the material requirements of society. Material culture encompasses not only the material results of man’s activity but also the knowledge, skill, and ability necessary to produce them.

The differences between material and spiritual culture are, of course, relative. Let us take, for example, the monuments of architecture: they are referred to as both the material and spiritual values of society because they satisfy housing needs while, at the same time, they are works of art.

Thus science, which is a potent spiritual force behind production, increasingly turns into a direct material productive force.

In the future, it seems that the dividing line between material and spiritual culture will become more obscure because a growing number of material values will serve to satisfy spiritual(aesthetic, for instance) demands.

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