1. Adaptor
  2. Delivery hose adaptor – A fitting used for connecting lengths of hose with different couplings.
  3. Suction hose adaptor – A fitting used to connect suction hose to a hydrant, to a delivery hose or to sanction hose of a different diameter.
  4. Applicator – An extension tube to carry a spray nozzle to enable an operator to apply the spray to other wise inaccessible places.

3. Axes – Large axe some times known as a ‘felling axe’ used for breaking in or for cutting away heavy timber, etc.

Fireman’s axe – A small axe carried by a fireman.

  1. Basement spray

A fitting which is connected to a branch in a place of nozzle. Used in basements or ships’ holds where an all-around cooling effect is desired.

  1. Blanking off cap

A cover fitted to delivery, inlet and sanction connections when not in use. Also used to protect threads on the other equipment, e.g. On BA cylinders.

  1. Branch pipes

Branch a tapering fitting employed at the end of a line of hose between the delivery coupling and the nozzle, in order to increase the velocity of the water and so assist the nozzle to provide a solid jet.

  1. Diffuser branch – A branch which can give a spray or a jet of variable size and which can be shout off at will.
  2. Double revolving branch – A collecting breeching to the out let of which is connected a casting which revolves on the ball bearings and carries two branches diametrically opposed. It is rotated by the back pressure of water passing through to small jets.
  1. Hand controlled branch – A branch which can deliver a jet and spray simultaneously, each being capable of independent control.
  2. Stream form branch– A short branch with an internal central tube and guide vanes to reduce turbulence in the water.
  3. Branch holder – A device for taking part of the weight and the reaction of a branch at work.
  4. Breathing apparatus – Apparatus which is provided with its own supply of oxygen or compressed air, designed to enable the wearer to breathe safety in irrespirable atmospheres.
  5. Nozzles
  6. Plain nozzle – The piece of equipment which screws on to the end of the branch and which determines the size of the jet.
  7. Diffuser nozzle – Similar in design to a diffuser branch but fitted with a thread to connect to a branch instead of connecting direct to hose.
  8. Breechings
  9. Collecting breeching – A fitting used to join two lines of hose to form one.
  10. Control breeching – A breeching fitted with a valve or valves to shut off the flow to one or both lines.

Note: If this is fitted with a valve to control the flow of water it is known as a ‘control dividing breeching’.

  1. Ceiling hook – A long wooden pole having at one end a steel point with a spur at night angles.
  2. Coupling
  3. Delivery hose – An instantaneous coupling-there is one standard size (62.5 mm) for all sizes of delivery hose.
  4. Sanction hose – A round-threads screwed coupling, the standard sizes being for 75mm,100mm and 140mm bore hose.
  5. Crowbar – Usually has a chisel edge at one a claw at the other.
  6. Aerodrome – An airstrip, aerodrome or airport is an area which affords facilities and space for landing and take-off aircraft(A/C).
  7. Apron – is the area where aircraft(A/C) are parked to off-load, refuel or get only other service.
  8. Runway – is named by two figures. These figures represent the magnetic bearing of the R/W as you look ahead from its beginning.
  9. Taxiway – is the access to and from a runway, to and from an apron. It is narrow than the R/W and never used for landing and take-off.
  10. Dam – A container, usually portable, to hold water from which pumps can be got to work.
  11. Door breaker – A device for breaking in a door, or forcing it off, its hinges, in order to affect an entry.
  12. Pump – is a machine driven by some external power for transmitting energy to fluids.
  13. Ejector Pumps (Jet Pumps) – The ejector pump is a device which uses the high-pressure water from a fire and rescue pump to move large volumes of water against low pressure.
  14. Primer – is a device necessary for exhausting the air in the suction hose and pump casing in order to enable the atmospheric pressure to force the water into the pump.
  15. Emergency Tender – An appliance carrying specialized equipment, such as cutting and lighting equipment, breathing and resuscitation apparatus, etc.
  16. Fire beater – A wooden shaft, usually at one end of which is fitted a piece of reinforced canvas. Used for beating out health and grass fires.
  17. Fire boat – A motor vessel, usually twin screw, with pumps designed for firefighting.
  18. Fire extinguisher
  19. Carbon dioxide (CO2) fire extinguisher – A fire extinguisher containing liquid carbon dioxide (CO2) which is released as a gas on the actuation of the extinguisher.
  20. Dry powder fire extinguisher (gas cartridge) – A fire extinguisher containing dry powder which is expelled by pressure from a cartridge of compress gas attached to or fitted in to the extinguisher.
  1. Foam fire extinguisher (mechanical, gas cartridge) – A fire extinguisher from which mechanical foam is expelled by pressure from a cartridge of compressed gas attached to or fitted into the extinguisher.
  2. Foam fire extinguisher (mechanical, stored pressure) – A fire extinguisher from which mechanical foam is expelled by pressure stored within the body of the extinguisher as a whole.
  3. Vaporizing liquid fire extinguisher (gas cartridge) – A fire extinguisher containing a vaporizing liquid which is expelled by pressure from cartridge of compressed gas attached to or fitted into the extinguisher.
  1. Water fire extinguisher (soda acid) – A fire extinguisher from which the medium is expelled by gas pressure from an acid/alkali reaction in the contents of the extinguisher.
  2. Water fire extinguisher (stored pressure) – A fire extinguisher from which water is expelled by pressure stored within in the body of the extinguisher as a whole.
  3. Fire ground – The area in which and on which firefighting operations are in progress.
  4. Fire hydrant – A fitting attached to a water main below street or pavement level. The hydrant incorporates a control valve and an outlet connection to which a stand pipe can be attached.
  5. Fire hydrant cover keyA tool used to lift the cover of the certain types of hydrant.
  6. Fire hydrant key and bar – A tool used to open up a hydrant and to turn on the valve.
  1. First – aid box – The medical first-aid box carried on appliances.
  2. Foam concentrate – A liquid used in production of mechanical foam.
  3. Foam(mechanical) generator-A device introduced in to a line of hose for creating mechanical foam, which is discharged through a branch.
  4. Foam inductor – A piece of equipment whereby the correct quantity of foam concentrate is induced into a water stream.
  5. Foam solution – A solution of foam concentrate in water at an appropriate concentration.
  6. Foam tender – An appliance wholly or mainly used for carrying foam producing equipment.
  7. Gantry – A fitting at the rear of an appliance to carry a ladder.
  8. Hook ladder belt
  9. Hose
  10. Delivery hose – Hose used on the delivery side of the pump, the standard sizes are 45mm,70mm, and 90mm.
  11. Suction hose – Hose specially constructed to withstand external pressure. Normally referred to simply is ‘suction’. The standard sizes are 75mm,100mm,140mm bore.



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